Keywords: integration, European integration, nation, Austro-Slavism, Austria, Czechs, Slovaks, idea, ideology, revolution, foreign policy, empire, Slavs, national policy, “United Europe”


It is a historical fact that the objective conditions for the successful practical implementation of the idea of regional European integration first emerged in Central and Eastern Europe. However, the theoretical basis and first practical attempts to uptake the ideas of European states unity have deep historical roots, which should be taken into account in the study of modern European integration processes. Each of the European actors (Germans, Austrians, Czechs, Slovaks) has a unique historical experience of regional and continental policies formation and implementation.

The first half of the 19th century was marked by the beginning of the active national self-determination process of the peoples of Central and Southeast Europe. At this stage of history traditions were being destroyed, nations began to emerge, and Slavic politicians worked on the content of their national projects. And the final result of many politicians’ plans of the Austrian Empire was the construction of national states. In any case, the national ideologists’ positive attitude towards the idea of a civilized cultural unity of the peoples of Europe remained unchanged. It was on its basis that the keystone of national ideologies was built. Accordingly, the aim of the article has been to study the idea of Austro-Slavism as the theoretical project of integration of the peoples of Central and Eastern Europe.

The research has proved that in the 1830’s and 1840’s ethnic European elites directed their intelligence towards the formation of their national and cultural framework. Therefore the organization of the Slavic Congress in 1848 became a reaction to the national processes in Europe. The Congress should be considered as one of the links in the overall chain of growing European nationalism. At the Slavic Assembly the Czechs put forward the idea of federalist Austro-Slavism.

The idea itself was quite often valued mainly as a small, regional Slavic-Austrian project. Such an assessment should be considered as somewhat incomplete. The materials of the Congress confirm that the idea of Austro-Slavism should be considered as a promising concept in terms of determining the future of the united Europe. European Thought, as part of a comprehensive idea of the unity of European civilization, gradually became a spiritual tradition that passed from generation to generation of the Slavic politicians.

The basis for numerous projects of the “United Europe” was laid. Only today the European community can understand that a new ideological content of the emancipation of the monarchy was laid in the federalist approach — the implementation of a supranational construction of a state that in the long run could be a model of Pan-European significance.


Bevzyuk, E. (2018). Integration Idea at the Prague Slavic Congress of 1848. Mìžnarodnì zv’âzki Ukraïni: naukovì pošuki ì znahìdki – The International relations of Ukraine: scientific searches and findings, 27, 164-185 [in Ukrainian].


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How to Cite
Evgen Bevzyuk. (2018). INTEGRATION IDEA АТ THE PRAGUE SLAVIC CONGRESS OF 1848. International Relations of Ukraine: Scientific Searches and Findings, (27), 164-185.