THE WADOWICE CAMP (POLAND) OF THE UPR’S INTERNED TROOPS: THE CONDITIONS OF STAY AND MORALE OF INTERNED ARMY IN MAY – JULY 1921
The article analyzes the conditions of stay and morale of the interned Ukrainian army in the Wadowice camp (Poland). It was proved that the life of Ukrainian soldiers was marked by considerable difficulties due to overcrowding of the camp, a rather tight regime of keeping interned, limiting the ability to temporarily leave the camp, the unpreparedness of the camp commandant’s office to go to a meeting with the interned in solving their most pressing problems.
Ukrainian soldiers’ ration was reduced, and sometimes they received spoiled products; they were devoid of soap; the camp still had a group of captive Red Army soldiers with Bolshevik agitators in their environment; there was a prohibition of singing songs (outside the camp, while studying, etc.). All this was aggravated by malevolence and even hostility to interned Ukrainian soldiers on the part of the individual officers of the camp (sometimes even offensive attitude to them), the intrusion of the camp’s commandant into the internal life of Ukrainian soldiers.
All this led to the demoralization of the part of the interned Ukrainian army, which did not have stable national-state feelings. One of its manifestations was the desertion of several dozen interned from the camp, including officers. In these conditions, it was imperative to consolidate the moral spirit of the interned, what the cultural-educational departments were cared for. In order to create positive values, actors-amateurs of the camp’s theater regularly offered warriors performances by Ukrainian playwrights. The YMCA camp branch, which, despite the anti-Ukrainian position of its head, objectively changed the lives of the interned for the better.
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