Keywords: globalization, historic of globalization, methodological thinking, historiography


Modern theoreticians of Global History differ in opinion as to the definition of Globalization and up till now there is no single definition, which would satisfy most scientists. Some of them believe this phenomenon to be irreal because it is impossible to clearly separate it from other social processes and phenomena or because it do not has clearly defined place in the geographical space. In most cases Globalization are understood as: We are living today in an age of rapid globalization. Its pace has accelerated in the past several decades, particularly since the end of the Cold War. The main thrust for globalization involved a high degree of Westernization, it by no means resulted in homogenization but everywhere produced diverse responses to the West rooted in indigenous cultures. In fact, we have witnessed homogeneity resulting from processes of globalization and at the some time increasing heterogeneity. Globalization thus is extremely complex and variegated, on the one hand indeed leading to high degrees of homogeneity in economic organization, technological and scientific developments and even lifestyles following Western patterns, on the other hand to marked divergences from Western outlooks and practices and even to pronounced resistance to Western influences. In this article we intend to examine the transformation of historical thinking and writing within this larger global context.

Globalization is realized in the form of bilateral, multilateral and collective relation. Global System is usually understood as hierarchically structurized integral complex of actors of international relation, which are interconnected by constant relations. Until the early 21th century the investigation of Global History was performed within a whole number of social science: philosophy, history, sociology, legal and economic sciences. The theory of globalization is a science, which tries to logically and reasonably interpret the most essential phenomena and processes as well as interrelation between them using its own methods. Conflict and cooperation are the most important manifestation of the state of international relations and logically proceed from structural peculiarities of current global system.


Martynov, A. (2017).  The History of Globalization: Methodological Approaches and Historiography of the Problem. Mìžnarodnì zv’âzki Ukraïni: naukovì pošuki ì znahìdki – The International relations of Ukraine: scientific searches and findings, 26, 59-79 [in Ukrainian].


Download data is not yet available.


Aldcroft, D., & Sutcliffe, A. (1999). Europe in the International Economy 1500 to 2000. Cheltenham [in English].

Bauman, Z. (2004). Globalization. London [in English].

Beck, U. (1997). Was ist Globalisierung? Frankfurt am Meine [in German].

Boli, J. & Thomas, G. (1999). Constructing World Culture. International Nongovernmental Organizations since 1875. Stanford [in English].

Borchardt, K. (2001). Globalisierung in historischer Perspektive. München [in German].

Bordo, M. (2005). Globalisation in Historical Perspective. Chicago [in English].

Clark, I. (1997). Globalisation and Fragmentation. International Relational in the Twentieth Century. Oxford [in English].

Conrad, S. (2013). Global Geschichte. Eine Einführung. München [in German].

Cowen, N. (2001). Global History. A short overview. Cambridge [in English].

Dunning, J. (1993). Multinational Enterprises and the Global Economy. Wokingham [in English].

Edelmayer, F. (2001). Die Geschichte des europäischen Welthandels und der weltwirtschaftliche Globalisierungsprozeβ. Wien [in German].

Eichengreen, B. (2000). Vom Goldstandard zum Euro. Die Geschichte des international Währungssystem. Berlin [in German].

Encyclopedia of European social history. From 1350 to 2000. (2001). Hg. von Peter N. Stearns. 6 Bd. Detroit: Michelin [in English].

Faber, K.-G. (1982). Theorie der Geschichtswissenschaft. München [in German].

Fäβler, P. (2007). Globalisierung. Ein historisches Kompendium. Köln [in German].

Geschichte heute. Positionen. Tendenzen und Probleme. (1973). Hg. Gerhard Schulz. Göttingen [in German].

Göffe, O. (2008). Demokratie und Globalisierung. Berlin [in German].

Handbuch der europäischen Geschichte. (1968-1998). Hg. Theodor Schider. 7 Bd. In 8 Teilen, Stuttgart [in German].

Headrick, D. (1991). The Tentacles of Progress. Technology Transfer in the Age of Imperialism 1840-1914. New York [in English].

Headrick, D. (1981). The Tools of Empire. Technology and European Imperialism in the Nineteenth Century. Oxford [in English].

Hobsbawn, E. (2001). Wieviel Geschichte braucht die Zukunft? München [in German].

Hugill, P. (1999). Global Communications since 1844. Geopolitics and Technology. Baltimor [in English].

Iggers, G. A Global History of Modern Historiography. Retrieved from [in English].

Internet-Handbuch Geschichte. (2001). Hg. Stuart Jenks. Köln [in German].

James, H. (2001). The End of Globalization. Lessons from the Great Depression. Cambridge [in English].

Leggewie, C. (2003). Die Globalisierung und ihre Gegner. München [in German].

Maddison, A. (2001). Monitoring the World Economy 1820-1992. Paris [in English].

Mitchell, B. (1998). International Historical Statistics. Europe 1750-1993. New York [in English].

Mitchell, B. (2003). International Historical Statistics. Africa, Asia and Oceania 1750-1993. New York [in English].

Mitchell, B. (1998). International Historical Statistics. The Americas 1750-1993. New York [in English].

Nolte, H. (2005). Weltgeschichte. Imperien, Religionen und Systeme 1500-1900. Wien [in German].

OECD: Historical Statistics 1960-1994. (1995). Paris [in English].

OECD: Historical Statistics 1970-2000. (2001). Paris [in English].

Robertson, R. (1992). Globalization. London [in English].

Scholte, J. (2000). Globalisation. A Critical Introduction. Basingstoke [in English].

Stiglitz, J. (2005). Die Schatten der Globalisierung. München [in German].

Toffler, E. (2008). Shock of Future. New York [in English].

Wallerstein, I. (1974-1988). The Modern World System. (Bd. 1-3.). New York [in English].

Wallenstein, I. (1999). World System. New York [in English].

How to Cite
Andriy Martynov. (2017). THE HISTORY OF GLOBALIZATION: METHODOLOGICAL APPROACHES AND HISTORIOGRAPHY OF THE PROBLEM . International Relations of Ukraine: Scientific Searches and Findings, (26), 59-79.