THE JEWISH COMMUNITY AND EDUCATION DEVELOPMENT IN THE KYIV EDUCATIONAL DISTRICT IN THE EARLY 20th CENTURY
The article investigates Jewish community’s edification activities in the Kyiv educational district in the early 20th century through the lens of documents of the Central State Historical Archives of Ukraine (Kyiv). The current status of historiography presents an opportunity to deepen the study on Jews’ cultural life on the Ukrainian lands by analyzing and introduction into the scientific activities of new factual information materials. Complex research of Jewish population’s teaching opens new avenues for further exploration of cultural interaction and the role of ethnic communities in public life of Dnieper Ukraine in the early 20th century. Currently, the relevance of Ethnic Research is strengthened by its public and political significance in the context of finding mechanisms to solve concrete problems of increasing inter-ethnic and inter-state confrontation, xenophobic attitudes, interreligious tensions or conflicts, levelling the principles of tolerance and fundamental issues of the rule of law. In the early 20th century the nature of Jews’ cultural life in the Kyiv educational district has been defined by peculiarities of their legal status, relations with government authorities of the Russian Empire, but also and primarily by the State policy curtailing civil and political rights, the development of migration and communication, spatial distribution, education opportunities and professional self-fulfilment, the preservation of Jewish spiritual identity and traditional culture. With the spiralling process of assimilation, the growing problems of cultural development, self-identification and social integration of Jews the importance of education as a tool for the transfer of knowledge, skills and experiences to younger generations has increased. Promoting learning for all generations has encouraged the preservation of Jewish spiritual values and traditions on the one hand and socio-demographic, economic integration of Jews in the Russian Empire on the other.
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