THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS AND METHODOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF THE SEMIOTICS OF HISTORY

Keywords: semiotics, semiotics of history, symbol, knowledge, information, ideology, code, semantics, text, image

Abstract

The article deals with the theoretical and methodological problems of the semiotics of history. Semiotics is the science that studies the sign system. This system is used by people to transfer knowledge and information. Modern governance is semiotic. A separate fact can turn into a sign-symbol. The sign lives its own life in the virtual space, leaving the information space. The modern world is governed by language. The revolution starts with the language. Semiotics changes the epistemological regime. The code provides a communication system. Any code requires decoding. Cultural space codes are ambiguous. The semiotics of history actively interacts with the history of ideologies. The question of the truth of the nationalism doctrine cannot be solved by science, because it belongs to ideology. The name is the essence. In psychiatry, there is the concept of semiotic dementia, when the patient does not understand the meaning of words. Information is distributed among people, therefore it acquires its social significance when it is perceived by people, only under this condition it becomes knowledge. Knowledge helps to act. A prerequisite for this is correct information. Concepts of the information society can be distinguished in the format of semiotics of history. Images have a stronger effect on people than texts. Negative information spreads faster than texts. Virtuality creates the image of the desired world. The images of the future are not neutral. A certain image of the future is set by the present. No one can escape the human prejudice. The semantics of history develops in the general line of the linguistic turn in historical science. In this sense, the methodological and theoretical problems of the semiotics of history are associated with the linguistic problems of consciousness, caused by the imperfection of any language and the ways of its public use

 

Martynov, A. (2021). Theoretical Foundations and Methodological Problems of the Semiotics of History. Mìžnarodnì zv’âzki Ukraïni: naukovì pošuki ì znahìdki – The International relations of Ukraine: scientific searches and findings, 30, 225-242 [in Ukrainian].

References

Ageev, V. (2002). Semiotika. Moskva [in Russian].

Ahiezer, A.S. (2002). Mezhdu ciklami myshlenija i ciklami istorii. Obshhestvennye nauki i sovremennost', 3, 124 [in Russian].

Barthes, R. (2004). Semiotika, pojetika. Izbrannye proizvedenija. Moskva [in Russian].

Butler-Bowdon, T. (2020). Psykholohiia. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].

Baudrillard, J. (2006). Obshhestvo potreblenija. Moskva [in Russian].

Croce, B. (1998). Teorija i istoriografija istorii. Moskva [in Russian].

Djomin, I.V. (2017). Semiotika istorii i germenevtika istoricheskogo opyta. Samara [in Russian].

Fromm, E. (2010). Maty chy buty? Kyiv [in Ukrainian].

Guénon, R. (1991). Krizis sovremennogo mira. Moskva [in Russian].

Istorija teoreticheskoj sociologii. (1997). (Vol.1). Moskva [in Russian].

Jung, C.-G. (1998). Psihologija bessoznatel'nogo. Moskva [in Russian].

Kübler, H.-D. (2010). Mify pro suspil'stvo znan'. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].

Kyrydon, A. (2013). Pam'iati slidy (pam'iat' - slid). Natsional'na ta istorychna pam'iat': slovnyk kliuchovykh terminiv. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].

Mauss, M. (2000). Social'nye funkcii svjashhennogo. Peterburg [in Russian].

Megill, A. (2007). Istoricheskaja jepistemologija. Moskva [in Russian].

Morris, Ch. (1982). Osnovanija teorii znakov. Moskva [in Russian].

Moskovichi, S. (1998). Mashina, tvorjashhaja bogov. Moskva [in Russian].

Myers, D. (1998). Social'naja psihologija. Peterburg [in Russian].

Panarin, A.S. (2000). Iskushenie globalizmom. Moskva [in Russian].

Panarin, A.S. (1999). Politologija. Moskva [in Russian].

Pochepcov, G. (1998). Istorija russkoj semiotiki. Moskva [in Russian].

Popova, Z.D., Sternin, I.A. (2007). Kognitivnaja lingvistika. Moskva [in Russian].

Popper, K. (1994). Zlydennist' istorytsyzmu. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].

Todd, E. (2006). Pislia imperii. Ese pro zahnyvannia amerykans'koi systemy. L'viv [in Ukrainian].

Toynbee, A. (1991). Postizhenie istorii. Moskva [in Russian].

Uspenskij, B.A. (1994). Semiotika istorii, semiotika kul'tury. Moskva [in Russian].

Vasil'ev, L.S. (1988). Istorija religij Vostoka. Moskva [in Russian].

Wallerstein, I. (2001). Analiz mirovyh sistem i situacija v sovremennom mire. Peterburg [in Russian].

Weber, M. (1998). Hospodars'ka etyka svitovykh relihij. Vstup. Sotsiolohiia. Zahal'noistorychni analizy. Polityka. Kyiv, 1998 [in Ukrainian].

Published
2021-11-01