UKRAINIAN THEME IN THE DOCUMENTS OF CZECH CIVIC INITIATIVES DURING THE SECOND HALF OF THE 1980s

Keywords: Charter 77, civil society initiatives, Czechoslovakia, Ukraine, Chernobyl disaster, Lviv group “Dovira”

Abstract

The authors analyzed the presence and content of Ukrainian  theme in the documents of Czech civic initiatives during the second half of the 1980s. The development of citizens initiatives has become a catalyst of socio-political  life in Czechoslovakia. The number of participants in civic initiatives increased, and their programs were politicized. In program statements the principle of the so-called leading role of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia was rejected as inconsistent with the principle of equality of citizens and the code of civil and political rights.

 The source base of this research comprised documents and materials of human rights activists, first presented in the self-published (samizdat) bulletins of independent Czech civic initiatives: “Information on Charter 77”  (“Informace o Chartĕ 77”), “The Case of the East European News Agency” (“Zprava  vychodoevropske informačni agentury”) and “Bulletin of Independent Peace Commonwealth – Initiative for demilitarization of society” (“Bulletin nezavisleho miroveho sdruženi – Iniciativy za demilitarizaci společnosti”).  

 It has been shown that the Ukrainian theme is presented in two documents of the human rights association of Charter 77: the document  “Before the Chernobyl Accident” (May 6, 1986) and the telegram of Czechoslovak human rights activists to Lviv, addressed to the group “Dovira” (“Trust”)  (April 22, 1989). Czech “Independent Peace Commonwealth – Initiative for demilitarization of society” and Ukrainian, Lviv, “Dovira” Group, exchanged a letter and a telegram of solidarity. The informational reasons for creating the documents were the Chernobyl disaster –  man-made accident on a global scale and the brutal dispersal of a peaceful demonstration in Lviv.

 Documents of Czech human rights activists and pacifist activists focus public attention on late Soviet realities: concealment of information from society about radioactive contamination and another human rights violation in Soviet Ukraine

 

Postolovskyj, R., & Slesarenko, A. (2020). Ukrainian Theme in the Documents of Czech Civic Initiatives During the Second Half of the 1980s. Mìžnarodnì zv’âzki Ukraïni: naukovì pošuki ì znahìdki – The International relations of Ukraine: scientific searches and findings, 29, 82-93 [in Ukrainian].

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Published
2020-11-10